Philippe Richard BRUSICK, Swiss and French national, was born on 3 August 1946 in Izmir (Turkey).
Studies: primary and first part of secondary school in French at Collège St Joseph, a French school in Izmir. At age 15, in 1961, he was sent to boarding school at Collège Florimont, in Geneva (Switzerland), where he prepared the French Baccalauréat in 3rd, 2nd, 1st and Bac classes and obtained the Baccalauréat Mathématiques Elémentaires in June 1966.
In 1966/67, he spent one year at the Ecole Polytechnique Universitaire de Lausanne, where he followed classes in Mathématiques Spéciales, in order to study Civil engineering.
In summer of 1967 he changed his mind and returned to Geneva to study Economics and Business Administration. He succeeded first exams of Sciences Economiques and Sciences Commerciales in 1968, and graduated in Economics at Geneva University in July 1970.
Work experience: He then started work at Battelle International Research Institute in Geneva (Rte de Drize), while preparing to finalize a second licence in Sciences Commerciales (Business Administration, Book-keeping) at Geneva University.
In May 1971 he joined the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), where he was responsible for studying the economies of Southern Europe, namely Turkey, Greece and Spain. The main themes he was responsible for were transfer of Technology and East-West Industrial Cooperation
University: Meanwhile, he succeded year two exams in Sciences Commerciales, but failed the third series. He then decided to work on preparing his Doctorate in Economics. He prepared all the requisites and submitted the required Pré-Mémoire to Professor Jacques L’Huillier, who accepted it 1n November 1976; thus opening the way for the final drafting of the Thesis. In January 2007, he was accepted at St Gallen University to complete his doctoral studies.
Work at United Nations: In autumn of 1976, he moved to a new position, at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), and joined a Group working on Restrictive Business Practices (Antitrust policy in today’s terminology). He then was part of staff preparing and servicing negotiations of the code of conduct on antitrust in UNCTAD.
He also worked on two other multilateral negotiations: that on Transfer of Technology and the one in New York’s Centre on Transnational Corporations (UNCTC).
In 1980, he was part of the secretariat servicing the Conferences which negotiated the adoption of the United Nations’code of conduct on Antitrust, the so-called Set of Principles and Rules for the Control of Restrictive Business Practices Adversely Affecting the Trade and Development of Developing Countries (The UN Set). The Set was adopted by the General Assembly of the UN in December 1980 (Resolution 35/63).
In 1985, at the First UN Conference to Review the Set, he was made Chief of the Group responsible for antitrust in UNCTAD. Since then, and until his retirement in December 2006, he has headed the Group, which grew and became the Branch on Competition and Consumer Policies.
As Head of the CCP Branch, he was responsible for UNCTAD’s programmes on Competition (Antitrust), which aims at helping all member countries, especially developing countries, to understand the issues related to competition and adopt national competition laws. For this, the Branch convened intergovernmental Groups of Experts (annually) and UN Conferences on Competition at five-year intervals. The Fifth such Review Conference on Competition took place in Antalya (Turkey) in November 2005, at which the Competition Authorities and some 400 delegations participated.
The work included research, and directing studies on specific issues related to competition and consumer protection, as they relate to international trade, investment, intellectual property and development.
Another essential aspect of the work, included technical assistance and capacity-building for developing countries, including least-developed countries as well as economies in transition. In this capacity, he maintains close relationships with most antitrust Authorities and many Experts in the world.
He also closely cooperated with the WTO, during the Doha Round of discussions on The Interaction of Trade and Competition Policy, organized joint-WTO-UNCTAD Symposia in Geneva and participated in the OECD Committee on Competition (Paris) as well as seminars and symposia around the world.
Languages: French mother tongue, fluent in English and Spanish and Italian; good knowledge of Turkish and Greek.
Teaching experience: He also has extensive teaching experience, with Webster University, from 1978 to 1983, where he taught post-grade courses in International Trade Policy, Banking and Finance, Contemporary Economic Problems, and Comparative Economic Systems.
Since 1985, he teaches economic translation from English into French and from Spanish into French at Geneva University’s Ecole de Traduction et d’Interprétation.